Most satellites, the International Space Station, the Space Shuttle, and the Hubble Space Telescope are all in Low Earth Orbit (commonly called "LEO").  


The goal of this non-geostationary satellite orbit (NGSO) technology is to provide global, high-speed broadband service—and its use case is particularly compelling in remote and hard-to-serve areas.


Today's satellite ISPs have average latencies of 600ms or more, according to FCC measurements, with satellites orbiting the Earth at about 35,400km.  


By contrast, LEO satellites would orbit at altitudes of about 1,200km would have latencies of around 30ms, just a bit higher than typical cable systems, with speeds of approximately 50Mbps.